Research Journal Paper: The relationship between athletic identity and problems of retirement from athletics in Iran

Sep 19, 14 Research Journal Paper: The relationship between athletic identity and problems of retirement from  athletics in Iran

This is a research journal paper looking at sport retirement transition to a normal life and the problem`s that may arise and to be aware of when a career comes to an end.

ABSTRACT

Retirement from competitive sport is special kind of transition. Transition from competitive sport may be difficult process. Some researchers believe that the most important individual factor affecting adjustment to retirement is the person’s degree of athletic identity. The main aim of study was investigation Relationship between Athletic Identity and Problems of Retirement from sport. Population was former athletes that, in the past, had competed at international level, and retired from competitive sport no more than 3 years. Final sample for this study consisted of 220 former athlete .The Sport Career termination questionnaire (Cecic, 2000), used for data gathering. Finally for test of research hypotheses, regression analysis. To investigate the effect of athletic identity on the three groups of retirement problems, three separate regression-analyzes were used in which athletic identity will was analyzed as the independent variable and each group of the problems as dependent variable.. Results of linear regression for predicting retirement problems based on athletic identity variable showed that this variable can be a significant predictor of personal problems (F₁, ₂₁₈=247.22, P=0.001, r²=0.531 ), psycho-social problems (F₁, ₂₁₈=1277.08, P=0.001, r²=0.854), and professional issues (F₁, ₂₁₈=409.155, P=0.001, r²=0.651) of retirement.. It can be concluded that, athletic identity is more important in reducing retirement problems.

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